Brand-Physical Promotion

Brand-Physical Promotion

I’m very happy when a friend or acquaintance of mine decides to buy the brand.
I try to convince friends and acquaintances of mine to buy the brand.
I often wear clothing with the brand’s logo.

7pt (dis)agree scale

Source: Marzocchi, G., Morandin, G., & Bergami, M. (2013). Brand communities: loyal to the community or the brand?. European Journal of Marketing47(1/2), 93-114.


Bhattacharya, C. B., & Sen, S. (2003). Consumer-company identification: a framework for understanding consumers’ relationships with companies. Journal of marketing, 76-88.